Internet of things (IoT) enables the device to device interaction and real-time communication, which is transforming businesses. Healthcare is the most recent domain influenced by IoT. In the healthcare industry, it is called the Internet of Medical things (IoMT). IoMT is not a nascent idea but is growing steadily. IoT includes technologies such as smart grids, smart homes, smart logistics, smart cities, augmented using sensors, actuators, and communication networks. The Internet of Things ecosystem has a very superior architecture, in which multiple components communicate with each other to provide solutions for the user.
Benefits of IoMT
The term Internet of Medical Things (IoMT), a healthcare application of the IoT technology, includes a maze of connected machines that sense crucial data in real-time.
IoMt increases human-machine interaction, which improves real-time health monitoring solutions and patient participation in decision making. IoT enables real-time health monitoring, data registration, and health record maintenance to help in data-driven decision making. Using IoMT, devices such as image scanners, blood pressure devices, computer screens, and physician cameras can be connected through the internet, and collected data can be stored on to the cloud.
Benefits of IoMT Limitations of IoMT
Healthcare Service Providers
• Optimal utilization of resources and infrastructure
• Reduces response time in case of medical emergency
• Security of IoT data – hacking and unauthorised use of IoT
• Lack of standards and communication protocols
• Errors in patient data handling
• Data integration
• Need for medical expertise
• Managing device diversity and interoperability
• Scale, data volume and performance.
• Real-time interventions in emergency situations
• Cost reduction
• Reduced morbidity and financial burden due to less follow up visits
• Physician Compliance
• Data overload on healthcare center
• Mobile hesitation
• Security policy compliance
• Standardization and uniformity of data available
• Capability to sense and communicate health related information to remote location
Traditional medical devices are modified into smart devices using IoMT to sense real-time data for patient monitoring through components such as sensors, signal converters, and communication modems. IoMT devices can be further categorized into smart wearable, home-use medical devices, mobile healthcare applications, etc. Apart from monitoring a person’s health status, such devices are also used for disease prevention, detection, fitness promotion, and remote access in emergency situations. Following are several application areas of IoMT-
Chronic Disease Management:
IoMT-enabled devices offer alternatives to manage severe disease conditions such as hypertension, cardiac failure, diabetes, etc. Such devices are utilized to monitor parameters such as blood pressure, the sugar level in blood, weight, and electrolyte concentrations inside the body. The real-time data collected by such devices is processed at a higher level and used for future treatment.
Remote Assistance: Data from network devices is registered at a central location at the physician’s center. Arranging and processing patients’ data enables healthcare automation, which studies fresh data against previous records and decides the procedure to treat the patient. This IoMT enabled intelligence helps service providers shift the tasks routing, monitoring, and field administration and saves costs incurred from implementing follow-up resources and infrastructure utilization.
Wellness and Prevention Care:
IoMT-enabled machines facilitated health supervision with monitoring systems for diet, physical activity, and quality of life. Modern devices, including wearable devices, implantable chips, and embedded systems in medical devices, monitor data on patient activity and related crucial changes.
Improved Drug Management: IoMT-based Radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags oversee drug availability issues and supply costs. Tags on medication packaging enable drug makers to ensure the quality of the supply chain. Several drugmakers, including WuXi PharmaTech and TruTag, have designed edible IoT smart pills, which help monitor drug doses and the patient’s pharmacodynamics.
Market Scope for IoMT
Technologies utilized in IoMT can be divided into the three technical categories: a) Local patient systems, b) Controls including sensors, controllers and c) Medical devices. Connectivity and communication comprise networking and database systems. The major technology contributors in the IoMT ecosystem layers are companies that supply semiconductors and embedded systems, application developers, firmware companies, wireless network operators, machine-to-machine vendors, IoT service providers, and general telecommunication providers.
The global IoMT devices market is estimated to grow from $25.2 billion in 2018 to $76.50 billion by 2022, at a compound rate of 32%. Due to the large amount of data resulted during diagnosis and treatment every patient increase the burden on medical devices. The requirement to manage growing data alongside need to improve treatment results, easy data accessibility and meet regulatory standards in regards with data and patient safety is pushing the adoption of IoMT-enabled devices in hospitals as well as clinics.
- GE Healthcare (US)
- Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Netherlands)
- Medtronic Plc (US)
- Honeywell LifeCare Solutions (US)
- BIOTRONIK (Germany)
- Boston Scientific Corporation (US)
- Johnson & Johnson Services, Inc. (US)
- Siemens AG (Germany)
- Omron Healthcare, Inc. (Japan)
- BioTelemetry, Inc. (US)
- AliveCor, Inc. (US)
- iHealth Lab, Inc. (US)
- AgaMatrix (US)
- Abbott Laboratories (US)
- STANLEY Healthcare (US)
- Welch Allyn (US)
1. What does IoMT stand for?
IoMT stands for the Internet of Medical Things. It is the grid of medical devices and applications that connect to healthcare IT systems through the internet on a computer system. Medical devices equipped with Wi-Fi allow the device-to-device communication that is the basis of IoMT.
2. What is Medical IoT?
Medical IoT, also called healthcare IoT, refers to an increasing number of IoT uses in the healthcare sector. These generate a vast range of IoT applications and devices specifically engineered for healthcare requirements and settings, such as sensors and apps for remote healthcare monitoring, consultation, and delivery.
3. What is remote monitoring in Healthcare?
Remote patient monitoring (RPM) is a technology to allow monitoring of patients outside of typical clinical settings, which may increase access to care and decrease healthcare delivery costs. It allows sufferers to maintain independence, prevent complications, and reduce individual costs.