IoT – Internet of Things is a system of interrelated computing gadgets, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or individuals which can be provided with unique identifiers (UIDs) and the power to transfer information over a network without requiring man-to-man or man-to-computer interplay.
The meaning of the Internet of things has advanced because of the convergence of many applied sciences, real-time analytics, machine learning, commodity sensors, and embedded systems. Conventional fields of embedded systems, wireless sensor networks, control systems, automation (together with home and building automation), and others contribute to enabling the Internet of
Things. In the client market, IoT technology is most synonymous with products pertaining to the idea of the “smart home”, covering gadgets and home equipment (such as lighting fixtures, thermostats, home security systems and cameras, and different home appliances) that help a number of typical ecosystems, and will be controlled through gadgets related to that ecosystem, similar to smartphones and smart speakers.
There is a selection of severe issues about dangers within the progress of IoT, particularly in the areas of privacy and security; and as a result industry and governmental moves start to address these.
• Kevin Ashton framed the term “Internet of Things” in 1999. Internet of Things is a 16 years old concept. Which gained popularity just 9 years ago in 2010. A leaked information suggested that google’ StreetView had not just created 360 degree pictures but they also stored people’s data of Wifi networks. Debates started over whether or not this was a start of a new strategy by google to index the physical world.
• In 2010 itself, the Chinese government made an announcement of including IoT in their five-year- plan.
• Market research company, Gartner, in 2011 included a new emerging phenomenon on their list of “hype-cycle for emerging technologies” which was Internet of things
• In Europe’s biggest Internet conference LeWeb, in 2012, the theme was “Internet of Things”
• Fast company, Forbes, and Wired used Internet of Things at the same time as their vocabulary.
• A report published by IDC in 2013 stated that IoT will be a $8.9 trillion market by the end of 2020.
• Internet of Things achieved its peak of popularity in 2014 when Google announced to buy Nest.
Other Concepts Related to Internet of Things
Web of Things: This concept only focuses on software architecture and it is a much narrower concept than all the other concepts related to it.
Internet of Everything (IoE): This concept has a higher reach. Yet, it is a very vague concept, it aims all sorts of connections one can probably imagine.
Industry 4.0: Industry 4.0 only focuses on manufacturing environments. It describes many concepts that have the power to drive another industrial revolution. It has the largest scope out of all the other concepts.
M2M:Machine to Machine, this term is being used for over a decade now, and is widely used in the telecom sectors. M2M is linking of one machine to another for communication.
Government Regulation of Internet of Things
The most important or the key driver of Internet of Things (IoT) is the data. The success of the concept of connecting devices to make them more efficient relies upon access to and storage & processing of information. For this function, firms engaged on the IoT acquire information from a number of sources and store it in their cloud network for additional processing. This leaves the door wide open for privacy and safety risks and single point vulnerability of a number of systems. The opposite issues pertain to client choice and possession of data and the way it’s used. Although still in their infancy, laws, and governance concerning these problems with privacy, safety, and data possession proceed to develop. IoT regulation depends upon the country. Some examples of laws that are related to privacy and data assortment are the:
• US Privacy Act of 1974
• OECD Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Information of 1980
• EU Directive 95/46/EC of 1995
Key Players in the IoT Market
- Google LLC
- Intel Corporation
- Microsoft Corporation
- Cisco Systems, Inc.,
- Apple Inc.,
- Oracle Corporation
- The Hewlett-Packard Company
- Facebook, Inc.,
- Dell Technologies
Different Types of IoT Platforms
The platforms of IoT are the center of attraction in the architecture of internet of things that connect the virtual and the real world to initiate communication between the objects, to manage the flow of data, support the application development and analytics for IoT connected devices.
1. Connectivity Platforms offer capabilities to cover and solve issues for connecting the ioT devices.
2. Device Management platforms handle tasks that ensure that the connected devices are configured, deployed and updated.
3. IaaS or Cloud backend platforms offer a measureable enterprise grade backend IoT applications and services data management.
4. AEPs- Application enablement platforms enable the developers to quickly test, create and deploy any IoT application or service.
5. Advanced analytics platforms offer analytics tools which include streaming analytics and machine learning methods which extract insights from the IoT data.
IoT – Internet of Things is a system of interrelated computing gadgets, mechanical and digital machines. It grew popular over the course of 16 years and is now widely used in every sector of technology. The most important or the key driver of Internet of Things (IoT) is the data. We can easily access data in real time that is far away from our location. IoT makes communication better over a network with interconnected devices, reducing inefficiency and making it more transparent. IoT is also very cost effective, saving both time and money. Also it helps increase the quality of services with automation.
1. What is IoT?
IoT means Internet of Things. It is a system of interrelated computing gadgets, mechanical and digital machines.
2. What is the function of IoT?
Internet of Things connects different hardware such as sensors and devices to each other and handles the protocol of software communication.
3. Which are the platforms of IoT?
Connectivity Platforms, Device Management, IaaS or Cloud backend, AEPs, and Advance
4. Who framed the term “Internet of Things”?
Kevin Ashton framed the term “Internet of Things”.